Charlie Loveland (1892-1964)
Born May 3, 1892 to Anderson and Mary Louisa Thomas Loveland, he was the eighth child of a large family of thirteen. He was born at The Loveland Ranch on Crooked Creek in Malheur County Oregon. When the Loveland boys were growing up there were horses everywhere. Some of them were mustangs and some were horses that had gotten away from some of the previous mustang runners and were a good breed of horse that had gone wild. Gathering and selling these horses was the way they made their living.
At the age of 10 or 12 Charley started helping his Dad run wild horses from the Alvord Desert to The Sheep Heads and also in the Grassy Mountain Jackie Butte area. They ran the horses from Alvord Desert to the horse corral traps at Crooked Creek Springs and from the top of Grassy Mountain to the Owyhee River. This was a vast area and not many ranches around at that time. When spotting a bunch of wild horses they would figure out which way the horses would run, then station men along the trail at several different places, this way they would always have a fresh horse ahead of the wild horses. They usually had a parada spotted along the way when the mustangs got near the parada the buckaroos holding the parada would start the parada to running then the mustangs would mix and the buckaroos had to start circling the horses to keep them headed for the corrals. Sometimes it worked and sometimes they would get cleaned and have to come up with another plan.
‘Parada’ is a bunch of gentle horses into which the mustangs were run to slow them down, confuse them and get them into corrals. The parada was the key to the whole deal and they were located in a strategic place where the mustangs were headed. There seems to be a different spelling for parada, it must depend on whether you are from Texas or the West, the other way I have seen it spelled is Partida.
They would capture the mustangs in corral traps or with a parada, brand the colts, castrate the horse colts, take out the horses they wanted to keep and turn the mares back out. They would do this with every bunch of mares that they had. After working them a little they drove 200 to 300 head to Winnemucca, Nevada, Riverside, Oregon or to Murphy, Idaho to the railheads. It took five days to drive these horses from the Loveland's horse camp on Jackie Butte to any one of the three railheads.
In 1910 Charley, Ike and Sim Loveland formed a five year partnership with their father Anderson Loveland, they raised horses to sell to the Cavalry.
The Loveland partnership consisted of six or seven bunches of mares each having their own stallion. They also had two bunches of mares they ran across the Owyhee River in the Cherry Creek area. The first part of April they would start to run these horses, one bunch at a time. They ran them into corrals, branded the colts, castrated the horse colts, and parted out the ones they wanted to keep for breaking. The horses that were parted out to keep were put in the parada, which had wranglers to keep them nearby as they could not hold them very long in a corral or they would get lock jaw. They no doubt had a field they could hold them in when they got too many for the parada. When they finished running all the bunches they would start to break the horses they kept to ride. A man from the Cavalry would come look them over and purchase the ones he wanted. They were not real gentle but had been handled some, a phrase used today is they were Jordan Valley broke. These horses sold to the Cavalry were referred to as ‘remount horses’.
Charley worked on numerous ranches from McDermitt to Jordan Valley to Juniper Mountain in the times when he was not running horses. He would help put up hay or break horses to ride or for teams.
Charley served in World War I. He received his draft notice just days before he was to report for duty, the mail had a hard time catching up with him. He was drafted in 1916, took his basic training, and then was shipped to France. Somehow the papers were lost for a whole group of these soldiers, Charley's amongst them. Army personal came to the Owyhee desert looking for him as they figured he had gone AWOL, they in turn came across his Uncle Frank Loveland, he told them that Charley was in France. While in France he was hit by shrapnel in the hand. He got his discharge in 1918.
Charley at one time owned the Owyhee Springs place on the Owyhee River.
Charley had some good dogs, one dog in particular was called Touser. He was a very faithful companion to Charley. When Charley trained him to stay, he would throw down a glove, coat or sweater and tell the dog to guard it, that dog would stay there until Charley came back for him. No one could touch the article that Charley left for Touser to guard.
In 1935 he bought the Lowery and Fairy Lawn in partner with his brother Ike. In 1938 bought the Canter Warm Springs Ranch west of Jordan Valley, and sold his part of the Lowery to his brother Ike, who later sold it to Tex Payne, but he kept the Fairy Lawn.
Charley married Jean Mackay Aramberri, June 6, 1929. Jean had two sons by a previous marriage. Charley adopted them; they are Frank Loveland, who after growing up worked for Frank McClary in the Winnemucca area for many years. Frank still lives in the Winnemucca area. The youngest boy is Paul Loveland, he was born deaf, but that never stopped him, he went on to school and got on a professional basketball team. While he played on this team he traveled all over and for many years. Paul now lives in Utah.
In 1940 he took his brother Bill in as a partner on the Warm Springs Ranch, he still owned the Fairy Lawn, so at that time he took care of the cattle, helped put up the hay, and broke horses to ride and lived at the Fairy Lawn. Charley retired in 1960 and moved to Caldwell where he lived until he died on March 26, 1964, and was laid to rest in Caldwell, Idaho.
Charley Loveland was inducted into the Buckaroo Hall of Fame in September 2003.
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